PETROLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS ON THE ORIGIN OF PYROXENITE DYKES IN THE LITHOSPHERIC MANTLE OF THE CHESHMEH-BID OPHIOLITIC MASSIF, SOUTHERN IRAN
The Cheshmeh-Bid ophiolitic massif in the Khajeh-Jamali district (Southern Iran) is dominated by harzburgite-dunite tectonites locally intruded by orthopyroxenite dikes. These latter are composed of dominant coarse orthopyroxene with minor olivine, Cr-spinel, clinopyroxene and amphibole. Estimated equilibrium temperatures for Mg-hornblende and edenitic amphibole reveal a late stage magmatic origin. The Cheshmeh-Bid orthopyroxenites are characterized by very low Al2O3, CaO, Na2O and TiO2 abundances coupled to relatively high MgO and SiO2 contents. They display U-shaped REE patterns, selective LILE enrichment and positive Pb and Sr anomalies. The host harzburgites are highly refractory mantle residues resulting from fluid-assisted melting. Field observations and mineral assemblages suggest that the pyroxenites formed by melt injection along fractures within rather cold ambient harzburgites and chromitites at moderate pressure (P > 1 GPa). Based on bulk-rock compositions and mineral chemistry, we infer that the Cheshmeh-Bid orthopyroxenites originated from the intrusion and crystallization of hydrous Si-rich, low-Ca melts with a boninite signature in a suprasubduction environment. Fine-grained neoblastic domains developed in the pyroxenites in response to subsolidus ductile deformation and recrystallization, which were most likely related to the exhumation of the Cheshmeh-Bid ophiolite massif.